Busan is a gateway city connecting the Eurasian continent with the ocean, and is at the same time a logistics hub city of Northeast Asia, located on the world's busiest sea routes. Various transportation systems - by air, sea, and land - have now been expanded and developed to a top-notch standard.
Busan City has successfully hosted major international events such as the 2002 Korea/Japan FIFA World Cup, the 2002 Busan Asian Games and the 2005 APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting. Notably, the ITS World Congress, known as the 'Olympics of Transportation,' was held in Busan in 2010. Through the successful hosting of these and many other events over the last ten years, the City has created a high-tech transportation system and an advanced transportation culture.
Busan City, by launching a WiBro (Wireless Broadband) network, BIT (Bus Information Terminal) system, the BIMS (Bus Information Management System), and a 'No-driving Day' once a week using an RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) system, is trying to become a digitized transportation city in line with its ambition to become a global city for the 21st century.
The local public transportation system provides prompt and efficient metro, bus and taxi services. Metro Line 1 was completed in 1994 and extends 32.5km from Sinpyeong to Nopo-dong. Line 2 (45.2km) runs from Jangsan to Yangsan Bukjeong, and will be extended a few kilometers further north from Yangsan Bukjeong to Shingi by 2012. Line 3 ( Daejeo~Suyeong, 18.3km) started service in 2005 and Line 4 ( Minam Rotary~Anpyeong, 12.7km) was completed in December 2010 and started service on March 30, 2011. There are a total of 133 bus routes and about 25,000 private and corporate taxis providing taxi services 24 hours a day. Taxis in Busan have also provided telephone interpretation services for the convenience of foreign visitors since May 2002.
Busan is trying to establish a broader metropolitan transportation network by building or expanding railways and expressways, including the double-track construction of the Donghae-Nambu railway line (Bujeon, Busan ~ Ulsan, 65.7㎞), the Bujeon-Masan Double Track Electric Railway (Bujeon Station ~ Jinrae, Gimhae, 32.6 ㎞) and the Busan ~ Gimhae Light Rail (Sasang Station, Busan ~ Samgae-dong, Gimhae, 23.8㎞), new expressways (Busan ~ Ulsan, Busan ~ Eonyang, Busan ~ Daegu), and a coastal highway.
There are a growing number of international flights at Gimhae International Airport, which currently handles 472 international flights a week to and from 28 cities in 10 countries.
* (Shimonoseki, Fukuoka, Tsushima and Osaka)